Thanks to all my friends for contributing to this list!
Essential Non-Genealogy Books about New England
Atwater, Edward Elias. History of the Colony of New Haven to its Absorption into Connecticut.
Beston, Henry. The Outermost House.
Boorstin, Daniel. The Americans: The Colonial Experience.
Cronon, William. Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England.
Deetz, James. In Small Things Forgotten.
Deetz, James. The Times of Their Lives: Life, Love, and Death in Plymouth Colony.
Ferrero, Pat and Elain Hedges, Julie Silber. Hearts & Hands, The Influence of Women & Quilts on American Society.
Fischer, David Hackett. Paul Revere's Ride.
Fischer, David Hackett. Albion's Seed.
Gross, Robert A. The Minutemen and their World.
Hoftadter, Richard. America at 1750.
Kurlansky, Mark. Cod: A Biography of the Fish that Changed the World.
Lepore, Jill. The Name of War.
Ludwig, Allan I. Graven images: New England Stonecarving and its Symbols, 1650-1815.
Morgan, Edmund S. The Puritan Family.
Nutt, Charles. History of Worcester and its People. (available for viewing on Google Books)
Philbrick, Nathaniel. Mayflower.
Puleo, Stephen. Dark Tide: The Great Boston Molasses Flood of 1919.
Russell, Howard S. A Long, Deep Furrow: Three Centuries of Farming in New England.
Schultz, Eric B. and Michael J. Tougias. King Philip's War: The History and Legacy of America's Forgotten Conflict.
Smith, Wynifred Staples. Pines and Pioneers.
Thorson, Robert. Stone by Stone: The Magnificent History in New England's Stone Walls.
Ulrich, Laurel Thatcher. The Age of Homespun: Objects and Stories in the Creation of an American Myth. (2001).
Ulrich, Laurel Thatcher. A Midwife’s Tale: The Life of Martha Ballard based on her Diary, 1785–1812. (1990).
Ulrich, Laurel Thatcher. Good Wives: Image and Reality in the Lives of Women in Northern New England, 1650-1750. (1982).
Wagner, David. The Poorhouse: America's Forgotten Institution.
Watters, David. The Encyclopedia of New England.
Wilson, Donald A. Logging and Lumbering in Maine.